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Martin Johnson Heade (1819–1904),
United States
Sunset—A Scene in Brazil
, 1864–1865
Oil on canvas
Colección Patricia Phelps de Cisneros

One of twenty paintings that Martin Johnson Heade completed while visiting Brazil, this scene shows the end of the workday for a free Afro-Brazilian community located in Rio’s rural surrounding area. In Sunset—A Scene in Brazil, Heade chooses to depict a country road instead of the bustling metropolis nearby. Reflecting his connection with the Luminist painters, he contrasts light and dark to dramatize the peaceful scene.

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